Vocab sheet
for Susan Setnik, 202 passages

Words occurring 50 to 955 times
by, from; after
ab  by, from; after
ac  and, and also, and besides
ad  to, up to, towards; near, at; until, on, by; almost; according to; about w/NUM
alius, alia, aliud  other, another; different, changed
amo, amare, amavi, amatus  love, like; fall in love with; be fond of; have a tendency to
ars, artis F  skill/craft/art; trick, wile; science, knowledge; method, way; character
atque  and, as well/soon as; together with; and moreover/even; and too/also/now; yet
aut  or, or rather/else; either...or
causa, causae F  cause/reason/motive; origin, source, derivation; responsibility/blame; symptom
corpus, corporis N  body; person, self; virility; flesh; corpse; trunk; frame; collection/sum
cum  with, together/jointly/along/simultaneous with, amid; supporting; attached
de  down/away from, from, off; about, of, concerning; according to; with regard to
deus, dei  god; God; divine essence/being, supreme being; statue of god
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus  say, declare, state; allege, declare positively; assert; plead
dies, diei  day; daylight; open sky; weather
do, dare, dedi, datus  give; dedicate; sell; pay; grant/bestow/impart/offer/lend; devote; allow; make
domus, domi F  house, building; home, household
ego  I
enim  namely; indeed; in fact; for; I mean, for instance, that is to say
eo, ire, ivi/ii, itus  go, walk; march, advance; pass; flow; pass; ride; sail
et  and, and even; also, even
etiam  and also, besides/furthermore, in addition/as well; even, actually; yes/indeed
ex  out of, from; by reason of; according to; because of, as a result of
facio, facere, feci, factus  make/build/construct/create/cause/do; have built/made; fashion; work
fero, ferre, tuli, latus  bring, bear; tell/speak of; consider; carry off, win, receive, produce; get
habeo, habere, habui, habitus  have, hold, consider, think, reason; manage, keep; spend/pass
hic, haec, hoc  this; these
homo, hominis M  man, human being, person, fellow
ille, illa, illud  that; those; that person/thing; the well known; the former
in  into; about, in the mist of; according to, after; for; to, among
inquiam, -, -  say
ipse, ipsa, ipsum  himself/herself/itself; the very/real/actual one; in person; themselves
is, ea, id  he/she/it/they; that one
jam  now, already, by/even now; besides
longus, longa -um, longior -or -us, longissimus -a -um  long; tall; tedious, taking long time; boundless; far; of specific length/time
loquor, loqui, locutus sum  speak, tell; talk; mention; say, utter; phrase
magnus, magna -um, major -or -us, maximus -a -um  large/great/big/vast/huge; much; powerful; tall/long/broad; extensive/spacious
manus, manus F  hand, fist; team; gang, band of soldiers; handwriting; trunk
meus, mea, meum  my; mine, of me, belonging to me; my own; to me
modus, modi M  manner, mode, way, method; rule, rhythm, beat, measure, size; bound, limit
moveo, movere, movi, motus  move, stir, agitate, affect, provoke, disturb
multus, multa -um, -, plurimus -a -um  much, many, great, many a; large, intense, assiduous; tedious
nam  for, on the other hand; for instance
nascor, nasci, natus sum  be produced spontaneously, come into existence/being; spring forth, grow; live
nec  nor, and..not; not..either, not even
neque  nor; and not, not, neither
nomen, nominis N  name, family name; noun; account, entry in debt ledger; sake; title, heading
non  not, by no means, no
noster, nostra, nostrum  our
nullus, nulla, nullum (gen -ius)  no; none, not any
nunc  now, today, at present
omnis, omnis, omne  each, every, every one; all; all/the whole of
pars, partis F  part, region; share; direction; portion, piece; party, faction, side
parvus, parva -um, minor -or -us, minimus -a -um  small, little, cheap; unimportant; smallest, least
per  through; during; by, by means of
possum, posse, potui, -  be able, can
primus, -a, -um  first
puer, pueri M  boy, lad, young man; servant; child
qui, quae, quod  who, which
quis  which
quoque  likewise/besides/also/too; not only; even/actually
res, rei F  thing; event/affair/business; fact; cause; property
se  reflexive; -self
sed  but, but also; yet; however, but in fact/truth; not to mention; yes but
si  if, if only; whether
sic  thus, so; as follows; in another way; in such a way
sum, esse, fui, futurus  be; exist
suus, sua, suum  his/one's, her, hers, its; their, theirs
tamen  yet, nevertheless, still
tempus, temporis N  time, condition, right time; season, occasion; necessity
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus  hold, keep; comprehend; possess; master; preserve
totus, tota, totum (gen -ius)  whole, all, entire, total, complete; every part; all together/at once
tu  you
tum  moreover
tuus, tua, tuum  your
ubi  where, whereby
unus, una, unum (gen -ius)  alone, a single/sole; some, some one; only; one set of
urbs, urbis F  city; City of Rome
ut  to, in order that/to; how, as, when, while; even if
venio, venire, veni, ventus  come
video, videre, vidi, visus  see, look at; consider; seem, seem good, appear, be seen
vir, viri M  man; husband; hero; person of courage, honor, and nobility
vivo, vivere, vixi, victus  be alive, live; survive; reside
volo, velle, volui, -  wish, want, prefer; be willing, will
Words occurring 20 to 50 times
Aesopus, Aesopi M  Aesop
Africus, Africa, Africum  African; from the southwest
Caesar, Caesaris M  Caesar
Juppiter, Jovis M  Jupiter; heavens/sky
Romulus, Romula, Romulum  of/pertaining to Romulus; Roman
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus  take, grasp, receive, accept, undertake; admit, let in, hear, learn; obey
adeo, adire, adivi(ii), aditus  approach; attack; visit, address; undertake; take possession
ager, agri M  field, ground; farm, land, estate, park; territory, country; terrain; soil
ago, agere, egi, actus  drive/urge/conduct/act; spend; thank; deliver
aio, -, -  say, assert; say yes/so, affirm, assent; prescribe/lay down
alo, alere, alui, altus  feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop
alter, altera, alterum  one; second/another; former/latter
altus, alta -um, altior -or -us, altissimus -a -um  high; deep/profound; shrill; lofty/noble; deep rooted; far-fetched; grown great
amor, amoris M  love; affection; the beloved; Cupid; affair; sexual/illicit/homosexual passion
animus, animi M  mind; intellect; soul; feelings; heart; spirit, courage, character, pride; air
annus, anni M  year; age, time of life; year's produce; circuit, course
ante  in front/presence of, in view; before; over against, facing
aqua, aquae F  water; sea, lake; river, stream; rain, rainfall, rainwater; spa; urine
arbor, arboris F  tree; tree trunk; mast; oar; ship; gallows; spearshaft; beam; squid?
armum, armi N  arms, weapons, armor, shield; close fighting weapons; equipment; force
at  but, but on the other hand; on the contrary; while, whereas; but yet; at least
audio, audire, audivi, auditus  hear, listen, accept, agree with; obey; harken, pay attention; be able to hear
auris, auris F  ear; hearing; a discriminating sense of hearing,"ear"; pin on plow
autem  but, on the other hand/contrary; while, however; moreover, also
avis, avis F  bird; sign, omen, portent
bellum, belli N  war, warfare; battle, combat, fight; war; military force, arms
bene, melius, optime  well, very, quite, rightly, agreeably, cheaply, in good style; better; best
bonus, bona -um, melior -or -us, optimus -a -um  good, honest, brave, noble, kind, pleasant, right, useful; valid; healthy
caelus, caeli M  heaven, sky, heavens; space; air, climate, weather; universe, world; Jehovah
cano, canere, cecini, cantus  sing, celebrate, chant; crow; recite; play/sound; foretell
capillus, capilli M  hair; hair of head; single hair; hair/fur/wool of animals; hair-like fiber
capio, capere, cepi, captus  take hold, seize; grasp; take bribe; arrest/capture; put on; occupy; captivate
caput, capitis N  head; person; life; leader; top; source/mouth; capital
certus, certa -um, certior -or -us, certissimus -a -um  fixed, settled, firm; certain; trusty/reliable; sure; resolved, determined
ceterus, cetera, ceterum  the other; the others. the remaining/rest, all the rest
civitas, civitatis F  community/city/town/state; citizens; citizen rights/citizenship; naturalization
coepi, coeptus (also coepio -ere)  begin, commence, initiate; set foot on
colo, colere, colui, cultus  live in, inhabit; till, cultivate, promote growth; foster, maintain
conjunx, (gen.), conjugis  yoked together; paired; linked as a pair
cornu, cornus N  horn; hoof; beak/tusk/claw; bow; horn/trumpet; end, wing of army; mountain top
credo, credere, credidi, creditus  trust, entrust; commit/consign; believe, trust in, rely on, confide; suppose
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus  wish/long/be eager for; desire/want, covet; desire as a lover; favor, wish well
curo, curare, curavi, curatus  arrange/see/attend to; take care of; provide for; worry/care about; heal/cure
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus  run/trot/gallop, hurry/hasten/speed, move/travel/proceed/flow swiftly/quickly
dea, deae F  goddess
deinde  then/next/afterward; thereon/henceforth/from there/then; in next position/place
diu, diutius, diutissime  a long/considerable time/while; long since
dominus, domini M  owner, lord, master; the Lord; title for ecclesiastics/gentlemen
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus  lead, command; think, consider, regard; prolong
dum  while, as long as, until; provided that
duo, duae, duo  2
durus, dura -um, durior -or -us, durissimus -a -um  hard, stern; harsh, rough, vigorous; cruel, unfeeling, inflexible; durable
out of, from; by reason of; according to; because of, as a result of
ergo  therefore; well, then, now
fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus  deceive; slip by; disappoint; be mistaken, beguile, drive away; fail; cheat
fama, famae F  rumor; reputation; tradition; fame, public opinion, ill repute; report, news
feminus, femina, feminum  female
filia, filiae F  daughter
filius, fili M  son
finis, finis  boundary, end, limit, goal; country, territory, land
fio, feri, factus sum  happen, come about; result; take place, be held, occur, arise
fons, fontis M  spring, fountain, well; source/fount; principal cause; font; baptistry
for, fari, fatus sum  speak, talk; say
fors, fortis F  chance; luck, fortune; accident
frater, fratris M  brother; cousin
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus  flee, fly, run away; avoid, shun; go into exile
geminus, gemina, geminum  twin, double; twin-born; both
gens, gentis F  tribe, clan; nation, people; Gentiles
genus, generis N  birth/descent/origin; race/family/house/stock/ancestry; offspring/descent
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus  bear, carry, wear; carry on; manage, govern
gravis, grave, gravior -or -us, gravissimus -a -um  heavy; painful; important; serious; pregnant; grave, oppressive, burdensome
ibi  there, in that place; thereupon
idem, eadem, idem  same, the same, the very same, also
igitur  therefore, so/then; consequently; accordingly; well/in that case
ignis, ignis M  fire, brightness; passion, glow of passion
imperium, imperi(i) N  command; authority; rule, supreme power; the state, the empire
inde  thence, thenceforth; from that place/time/cause; thereupon
inter  between, among; during
jaceo, jacere, jacui, jacitus  lie; lie down; lie ill/in ruins/prostrate/dead; sleep; be situated
jubeo, jubere, jussi, jussus  order/tell/command/direct; enjoin/command; decree/enact; request/ask/bid; pray
jungo, jungere, junxi, junctus  join, unite; bring together, clasp; connect, yoke, harness
labor, laboris M  labor/toil/exertion/effort/work; task/undertaking; production; childbirth
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus  work, labor; produce, take pains; be troubled/sick/oppressed, be in distress
lego, legere, legi, lectus  read; gather, collect; furl, weigh; pick out
levis, leve, levior -or -us, levissimus -a -um  light, thin, trivial, trifling, slight; gentle; fickle, capricious; nimble
liber, libera -um, liberior -or -us, liberrimus -a -um  free; unimpeded; void of; independent, outspoken/frank; free from tribute
liceo, licere, licui, -  fetch
lingua, linguae F  tongue; speech, language; dialect
litus, litoris N  shore, seashore, coast, strand; river bank; beach, landing place
locus, loci M  seat, rank, position; soldier's post; quarters; category; book passage, topic
ludo, ludere, lusi, lusus  play, mock, tease, trick
magis  to greater extent, more nearly; rather, instead; more
malus, mala -um, pejor -or -us, -  bad, evil, wicked; ugly; unlucky
maneo, manere, mansi, mansus  remain, stay, abide; wait for; continue, endure, last; spend the night
mare, maris N  sea; sea water
mater, matris F  mother, foster mother; lady, matron; origin, source, motherland, mother city
medius, media, medium  middle, middle of, mid; common, neutral, ordinary, moderate; ambiguous
mens, mentis F  mind; reason, intellect, judgment; plan, intention, frame of mind; courage
miles, militis M  soldier; foot soldier; soldiery; knight; knight's fee/service
mitto, mittere, misi, missus  send, throw, hurl, cast; let out, release, dismiss; disregard
mons, montis M  mountain; huge rock; towering heap
morior, mori, mortuus sum  die, expire, pass/die/wither away/out; fail, come to an end; decay
mox  soon, next
murus, muri M  wall, city wall
ne  that not, lest
nihil, undeclined N  nothing; no; trifle/thing not worth mentioning; nonentity; nonsense; no concern
nitor, niti, nisus sum  press/lean upon; struggle; advance; depend on; strive, labor
nos  we
nosco, noscere, novi, notus  get to know; learn, find out; become cognizant of/acquainted/familiar with
novus, nova -um, novior -or -us, novissimus -a -um  new, fresh, young; unusual, extraordinary
nox, noctis F  night
numen, numinis N  divine will, divinity; god
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus  kill, murder, slaughter, slay; cut/knock down; weary, be the death/ruin of
oculus, oculi M  eye
ops, opis F  power, might; help; influence; resources/wealth
opus, operis N  need; work; fortifications, works
orbis, orbis M  circle; territory/region; sphere
oro, orare, oravi, oratus  beg, ask for, pray; beseech, plead, entreat; worship, adore
os, oris N  mouth, speech, expression; face; pronunciation
pater, patris M  father
patior, pati, passus sum  suffer; allow; undergo, endure; permit
pectus, pectoris N  breast, heart; feeling, soul, mind
pecunia, pecuniae F  money; property
pes, pedis M  foot
peto, petere, petivi, petitus  attack; aim at; desire; beg, entreat, ask; reach towards, make for
pono, ponere, posui, positus  put/place/set; station/post; pitch; situate; set up; erect
populus, populi  people, nation, State; public/populace/multitude/crowd; a following
post  behind, after; subordinate to
potestas, potestatis F  power, rule, force; strength, ability; chance, opportunity
pro  on behalf of; before; in front/instead of; for; about; according to; as, like
proximus, proxima, proximum  nearest/closest/next; most recent, immediately preceding, last; most/very like
publicus, publica, publicum  public; common, of the people/state; official
puella, puellae F  girl, child/daughter; maiden; young woman/wife; sweetheart; slavegirl
pulcher, pulchra -um, pulchrior -or -us, pulcherrimus -a -um  pretty; beautiful; handsome; noble, illustrious
puto, putare, putavi, putatus  think, believe, suppose, hold; reckon, estimate, value; clear up, settle
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus  search for, seek, strive for; obtain; ask, inquire, demand
quantus, quanta, quantum  how great; how much/many; of what size/amount/degree/number/worth/price
quidem  indeed, certainly, even, at least; ne...quidem-- not...even
quisquis  whoever; every one who; whoever it be; everyone; each
reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus  return; restore; deliver; hand over, pay back, render, give back; translate
redeo, redire, redivi(ii), reditus  return, go back, give back; fall back on, revert to; respond, pay back
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus  bring/carry back/again/home; move/draw/force back, withdraw; go back, return
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus  leave behind, abandon; be left, remain; bequeath
remus, remi M  oar
rex, regis M  king
rideo, ridere, risi, risus  laugh at, laugh; ridicule
romanus, romana, romanum  Roman
sacer, sacra, sacrum  sacred, holy, consecrated; accursed, horrible, detestable
sacerdos, sacerdotis  priest, priestess
saepe, saepius, saepissime  often, oft, oftimes, many times, frequently
saevus, saeva -um, saevior -or -us, saevissimus -a -um  savage; fierce/ferocious; violent/wild/raging; cruel, harsh, severe; vehement
scio, scire, scivi(ii), scitus  know, understand
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus  write; compose
semper  always
senex, senis (gen.), senior -or -us, -  aged, old
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus  perceive, feel, experience; think, realize, see, understand
sequor, sequi, secutus sum  follow; escort/attend/accompany; aim at/reach after/strive for/make for/seek
servus, servi M  slave; servant
signum, signi N  battle standard; indication; seal; sign, proof; signal; image, statue
silva, silvae F  wood, forest
simul  at same time; likewise; also; simultaneously; at once
sol, solis M  sun
soleo, solere, solitus sum  be in the habit of; become accustomed to
solus, sola, solum (gen -ius)  only, single; lonely; alone, having no companion/friend/protector; unique
somnus, somni M  sleep
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus  observe, watch, look at, see; test; consider
sto, stare, steti, status  stand, stand still, stand firm; remain, rest
sub  under; up to, up under, close to; until, before, up to, about
subeo, subire, subivi(ii), subitus  go/move/pass/sink/extend underneath/into; climb/come/go up, ascend; steal in on
summus, summa, summum  highest, the top of; greatest; last; the end of
talis, talis, tale  such; so great; so excellent; of such kind
tam  so, so much; to such an extent/degree; nevertheless, all the same
tandem  finally; at last, in the end; after some time, eventually; at length
tantus, tanta, tantum  of such size; so great, so much
tego, tegere, texi, tectus  cover, protect; defend; hide
tellus, telluris F  earth, ground; the earth; land, country
templum, templi N  temple, church; shrine; holy place
terra, terrae F  earth, land, ground; country, region
timeo, timere, timui, -  fear, dread, be afraid
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus  lift, raise; destroy; remove, steal; take/lift up/away
turbo, turbare, turbavi, turbatus  disturb, agitate, throw into confusion
unda, undae F  wave
uter, utra, utrum  which, whichever, no matter which; one, either, one or other
utor, uti, usus sum  use, make use of, enjoy; enjoy the friendship of
valeo, valere, valui, valitus  be strong/powerful/influential/healthy; prevail
vel  even, actually; or even, in deed; or
verbum, verbi N  word; proverb
vero  yes; in truth; certainly; truly, to be sure; however
verto, vertere, verti, versus  turn, turn around; change, alter; overthrow, destroy
verus, vera -um, verior -or -us, verissimus -a -um  true, real, genuine, actual; properly named; well founded; right, fair, proper
via, viae F  way, road, street; journey
vinco, vincere, vici, victus  conquer, defeat, excel; outlast; succeed
virgo, virginis F  maiden, young woman, girl of marriageable age; virgin, woman sexually intact
vis, vis F  strength, force, power, might, violence
vita, vitae F  life, career, livelihood; mode of life
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus  call, summon; name; call upon
vos  you (pl)
vox, vocis F  voice, tone, expression
Words occurring 10 to 20 times
Archias, Archiae M  Archius; Greek poet defended by Cicero
C., abb.  Gaius; centum/100
Gallia, Galliae F  Gaul
Gallus, Galla, Gallum  Gallic, of Gaul/the Gauls; class of gladiator w/Gallic armor
Hannibal, Hannibalis M  Hannibal
Italia, Italiae F  Italy
L., abb.  Lucius
Minerva, Minervae F  Minerva, Roman goddess of wisdom
Phoebus, Phoebi  Apollo, Helios, the sun
Phrygius, Phrygia, Phrygium  Phrygian, of Phyrigia; Trojan
Poenus, Poena, Poenum  Carthaginian, Punic; of/associated w/Carthage; Phoenician; scarlet, bright red
Roma, Romae F  Rome
abeo, abire, abivi(ii), abitus  depart, go away; go off, go forth; pass away, die, disappear; be changed
absum, abesse, afui, afuturus  be away/absent/distant/missing; be free/removed from; be lacking; be distinct
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessus  come near, approach; agree with; be added to; constitute
acuo, acuere, acui, acutus  whet, sharpen, cut to a point; spur on, provoke, incite; come to a head
acutus, acuta -um, acutior -or -us, acutissimus -a -um  sharp, sharpened, pointed/tapering; severe; glaring; acute, wise; high-pitched
addo, addere, addidi, additus  add, insert, bring/attach to, say in addition; increase; impart; associate
adhuc  thus far, till now, to this point; hitherto; yet, as yet; still; besides
admiror, admirari, admiratus sum  admire, respect; regard with wonder, wonder at; be surprised at, be astonished
advenio, advenire, adveni, adventus  come to, arrive; arrive at, reach, be brought; develop, set in, arise
adverto, advertere, adverti, adversus  turn/face to/towards; direct/draw one's attention to; steer/pilot
aequor, aequoris N  level/smooth surface, plain; surface of the sea; sea, ocean
aer, aeris  air; atmosphere, sky; cloud, mist, weather; breeze; odor
aetas, aetatis F  lifetime, age, generation; period; stage, period of life, time, era
agito, agitare, agitavi, agitatus  stir/drive/shake/move about; revolve; live; control, ride; consider, pursue
amicus, amica -um, amicior -or -us, amicissimus -a -um  friendly, dear, fond of; supporting, loyal, devoted; loving
an  can it be that
anima, animae F  soul, spirit, vital principle; life; breathing; wind, breeze; air
antiquus, antiqua -um, antiquior -or -us, antiquissimus -a -um  old/ancient/aged; time-honored; simple/classic; venerable; archaic/outdated
antrum, antri N  cave; cavern; hollow place with overarching foliage; cavity, hollow; tomb
aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus  uncover, open, disclose; explain, recount; reveal; found; excavate; spread out
appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitus  appear; be evident/visible/noticed/found; show up, occur; serve
appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatus  call; address; dun; solicit; appeal; bring to court; accuse; name
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi, appropinquatus  approach; come near to, draw near/nigh; be close
aptus, apta -um, aptior -or -us, aptissimus -a -um  suitable, adapted; ready; apt, proper; tied, attached to; dependent on
apud  at, by, near, among; at the house of; before, in the presence/writings/view of
ara, arae F  altar, structure for sacrifice, pyre; sanctuary; home; refuge, shelter
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsus  be on fire; burn, blaze; flash; glow, sparkle; rage; be in a turmoil/love
arvus, arva, arvum  arable; cultivated, plowed
aspicio, aspicere, aspexi, aspectus  look/gaze on/at, see, observe, behold, regard; face; consider, contemplate
assum, adesse, affui, affuturus  be near, be present, be in attendance, arrive, appear; aid
audax, audacis (gen.), audacior -or -us, audacissimus -a -um  bold, daring; courageous; reckless, rash; audacious, presumptuous; desperate
audeo, audere, ausus sum  intend, be prepared; dare/have courage, act boldly, venture, risk
aureus, aurea, aureum  of gold, golden; gilded; gold bearing; gleaming like gold; beautiful, splendid
aurum, auri N  gold, gold money, riches
auxilium, auxili(i) N  help, assistance; remedy/antidote; supporting resource/force; auxiliaries
bellus, bella -um, bellior -or -us, bellissimus -a -um  pretty, handsome, charming, pleasant, agreeable, polite; nice, fine, excellent
benignus, benigna -um, benignior -or -us, benignissimus -a -um  kind, favorable, obliging; kindly, mild, affable; liberal, bounteous
bis  twice
bracchium, bracchi(i) N  arm; lower arm, forearm; claw; branch, shoot; earthwork connecting forts
brevis, breve, brevior -or -us, brevissimus -a -um  short, little, small, stunted; brief, concise, quick; narrow, shallow; humble
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus  fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay
callidus, callida -um, callidior -or -us, callidissimus -a -um  crafty, sly, cunning; wise, expert, skillful, clever, experienced, ingenious
campus, campi M  plain; level field/surface; open space for battle/games; sea; scope; campus
carmen, carminis N  card for wool/flax; song/music (woven with words); incantation, magic formula
carus, cara -um, carior -or -us, carissimus -a -um  dear, beloved; costly, precious, valued; high-priced, expensive
castrum, castri N  fort/fortress; camp, military camp/field; army; war service; day's march
celo, celare, celavi, celatus  conceal, hide, keep secret; disguise; keep in dark/in ignorance; shield
cena, cenae F  dinner/supper, principal Roman meal; course; meal; company at dinner
centum  100
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretus  sift, separate, distinguish, discern, resolve, determine; see; examine; decide
circo, circare, circavi, circatus  traverse; go about; wander through
civis, civis  fellow citizen; countryman/woman; citizen, free person; a Roman citizen
clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus  proclaim, declare; cry/shout out; shout/call name of; accompany with shouts
clarus, clara -um, clarior -or -us, clarissimus -a -um  clear, bright, gleaming; loud, distinct; evident, plain; illustrious, famous
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus  become acquainted with/aware of; recognize; learn, find to be; inquire/examine
collum, colli N  neck; throat; head and neck; severed head; upper stem; mountain ridge
comes, comitis  Count, Earl; official, magnate; occupant of any state office
condo, condere, condidi, conditus  put/insert; store up/put away, preserve, bottle; bury/inter; sink
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus  make, construct; prepare, complete, accomplish; cause; perform; do thoroughly
consilium, consili(i) N  debate/discussion/deliberation/consultation; advice/counsel/suggestion; adviser
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus  set up/in position, erect; place/dispose/locate; halt; plant
consul, consulis M  consul; supreme magistrate elsewhere
contineo, continere, continui, contentus  secure, maintain, sustain; fasten/hold in position; retain, keep safe, preserve
contra  against, facing, opposite; weighed against; as against; in resistance/reply to
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus  come together; agree, harmonize; be appropriate to, fit, be correctly shaped/consistent
copia, copiae F  plenty, abundance, supply; troops, supplies; forces; resources; wealth
cor, cordis N  heart; mind/soul/spirit; intellect/judgment; sweetheart; souls/persons
cotidie  daily, every day; day by day; usually, ordinarily, commonly
cresco, crescere, crevi, cretus  come forth/to be; arise/spring; be born; become visible/great; grow
crimen, criminis N  indictment/charge/accusation; blame/reproach/slander; verdict/judgment
cubiculum, cubiculi N  bedroom; sleeping chamber/apartment/suite
cum  when, at the time/on each occasion/in the situation that; after; since/although
cunctus, cuncta, cunctum  altogether, in a body; every, all, entire; total/complete; whole of
cupidus, cupida -um, cupidior -or -us, cupidissimus -a -um  eager/passionate; longing for/desirous of; greedy; wanton/lecherous
cur  why, wherefore; for what reason/purpose?; on account of which?; because
cura, curae F  concern, worry, anxiety, trouble; attention, care, pains, zeal; cure, treatment
debeo, debere, debui, debitus  owe; be indebted/responsible for/obliged/bound/destined; ought, must, should
deduco, deducere, deduxi, deductus  lead/draw//pull/bring/stretch down/away/out/off; escort; eject/evict
delphinus, delphini M  dolphin; ornament shaped like a dolphin; constellation
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratus  point out/at/to, draw attention to; explain/describe/show, give an account of
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus  leave/depart/quit/desert; forsake/abandon/give up; withdraw support, let down
deus  god; God
dexter, dextra -um, dexterior -or -us, dextimus -a -um  right, on/to the right hand/side; skillful/dexterous/handy
differo, differre, distuli, dilatus  postpone/delay/differ; put off, keep waiting; give respite to; differ, disagree
dignus, digna -um, dignior -or -us, dignissimus -a -um  appropriate/suitable; worthy, deserving, meriting; worth
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus  send away/off; allow to go, let go/off; disband, discharge, dismiss
divus, diva -um, -, divissimus -a -um  divine; blessed, saint
doceo, docere, docui, doctus  teach, show, point out
dolor, doloris M  pain, anguish, grief, sorrow, suffering; resentment, indignation
dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitus  sleep, rest; be/fall asleep; behave as if asleep; be idle, do nothing
dulcis, dulce, dulcior -or -us, dulcissimus -a -um  pleasant, charming; sweet; kind, dear; soft, flattering, delightful
ecce  behold! see! look! there! here!
equus, equi M  horse; steed
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus  snatch away, take by force; rescue
erro, errare, erravi, erratus  wander, go astray; make a mistake, err; vacillate
excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptus  take out; remove; follow; receive; ward off, relieve
excutio, excutere, excussi, excussus  shake out or off; cast out; search, examine
exemplum, exempli N  example, sample, specimen; instance; precedent, case; warning, deterrent
exeo, exire, exivi(ii), exitus  come/go/sail/march/move out/forth/away, leave; pass, expire/perish/die
exerceo, exercere, exercui, exercitus  exercise, train, drill, practice; enforce, administer; cultivate
exercitus, exercitus M  army, infantry; swarm, flock
existo, existere, existiti, existitus  step forth, appear; arise; become; prove to be; be
fabula, fabulae F  story, tale, fable; play, drama
facies, faciei F  shape, face, look; presence, appearance; beauty; achievement
facilis, facile, facilior -or -us, facillimus -a -um  easy, easy to do, without difficulty, ready, quick, good natured, courteous
felix, felicis (gen.), felicior -or -us, felicissimus -a -um  happy; blessed; fertile; favorable; lucky; successful, fruitful
fenestra, fenestrae F  window, opening for light; loophole, breach; orifice; inlet; opportunity
ferrum, ferri N  iron; any tool of iron; weapon, sword
ferus, fera, ferum  wild, savage; uncivilized; untamed; fierce
fides, fidei F  faith, loyalty; honesty; credit; confidence, trust, belief; good faith
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictus  mold, form, shape; create, invent; produce; imagine; compose; devise, contrive
flamma, flammae F  flame, blaze; ardor, fire of love; object of love
flecto, flectere, flexi, flexus  bend, curve, bow; turn, curl; persuade, prevail on, soften
fleo, flere, flevi, fletus  cry for; cry, weep
flumen, fluminis N  river, stream; any flowing fluid; flood; onrush
fluvius, fluvi(i) M  river, stream; running water
forma, formae F  form, figure, appearance; beauty; mold, pattern
formosus, formosa -um, formosior -or -us, formosissimus -a -um  beautiful, finely formed, handsome, fair; having fine appearance/form
fortis, forte, fortior -or -us, fortissimus -a -um  strong, powerful, mighty, vigorous, firm, steadfast, courageous, brave, bold
fortuna, fortunae F  chance, luck, fate; prosperity; condition, wealth, property
fuga, fugae F  flight, fleeing, escape; avoidance; exile
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum  be glad, rejoice
gelidus, gelida, gelidum  ice cold, icy
gloria, gloriae F  glory, fame; ambition; renown; vainglory, boasting
gradus, gradus M  step; position
graecus, graeca, graecum  Greek
gratia, gratiae F  popularity/esteem/credit; partiality/favoritism; unpopularity
gratus, grata -um, gratior -or -us, gratissimus -a -um  pleasing, acceptable, agreeable, welcome; dear, beloved; grateful, thankful
habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus  inhabit, dwell; live, stay
haereo, haerere, haesi, haesus  stick, adhere, cling to; hesitate; be in difficulties
herba, herbae F  herb, grass
hiems, hiemis F  winter, winter time; rainy season; cold, frost; storm, stormy weather
hinc  from here, from this source/cause; hence, henceforth
honos, honoris M  honor; respect/regard; mark of esteem, reward; dignity/grace; public office
hora, horae F  hour; time; season
hortus, horti M  garden, fruit/kitchen garden; pleasure garden; park
hospes, (gen.), hospitis  of relation between host and guest; that hosts; that guests; foreign, alien
hostis, hostis  enemy; stranger, foreigner; the enemy
huc  here, to this place; to this point
humanus, humana -um, humanior -or -us, humanissimus -a -um  human; kind; humane, civilized, refined
humus, humi F  ground, soil, earth, land, country
imago, imaginis F  likeness, image, appearance; statue; idea; echo; ghost, phantom
imitor, imitari, imitatus sum  imitate/copy/mimic; follow; make an imitation/reproduction; resemble; simulate
ingens, ingentis (gen.), ingentior -or -us, ingentissimus -a -um  not natural, immoderate; huge, vast, enormous; mighty; remarkable, momentous
inpono, inponere, inposui, inpositus  impose, put upon; establish; inflict; assign/place in command; set
interea  meanwhile
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus  kill; destroy
interim  meanwhile, in the meantime; at the same time; however, nevertheless
intro, intrare, intravi, intratus  enter; go into, penetrate; reach
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus  come upon; discover, find; invent, contrive; reach, manage to get
invidia, invidiae F  hate/hatred/dislike; envy/jealousy/spite/ill will; use of words/acts to arouse
irascor, irasci, iratus sum  get/be/become angry; fly into a rage; be angry at; feel resentment
iste, ista, istud  that, that of yours, that which you refer to; such
iter, itineris  journey; road; passage, path; march
iterum  again; a second time; for the second time
jacto, jactare, jactavi, jactatus  throw away, throw out, throw, jerk about; disturb; boast, discuss
jus, juris N  law; legal system; code; right; duty; justice; court; binding decision; oath
justus, justa -um, justior -or -us, justissimus -a -um  just, fair, equitable; right, lawful, justified; regular, proper
juvenis, juvenis, juvene  youthful, young
juvo, juvare, juvi, jutus  help, assist, aid, support, serve, further; please, delight, gratify
labor, labi, lapsus sum  slip, slip and fall; slide, glide, drop; perish, go wrong
lacrima, lacrimae F  tear; exuded gum/sap; bit of lead; quicksilver from ore; weeping; dirge
lacus, lacus M  basin/tank/tub; lake/pond; reservoir/cistern/basin, trough; lime-hole; bin; pit
laetus, laeta -um, laetior -or -us, laetissimus -a -um  happy/cheerful/joyful/glad; favorable/propitious; prosperous/successful
lateo, latere, latui, -  lie hidden, lurk; live a retired life, escape notice
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus  recommend; praise, approve, extol; call upon, name; deliver eulogy on
legio, legionis F  legion; army
limen, liminis N  threshold, entrance; lintel; house
littera, litterae F  letter; letter, epistle; literature, books, records, account
lumen, luminis N  light; lamp, torch; eye; life; day, daylight
lux, lucis F  light, daylight, light of day; life; world; day
mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus  entrust, commit to one's charge, deliver over; commission; order, command
mas, (gen.), maris  male; masculine, of the male sex; manly, virile, brave, noble; G:masculine
matrimonium, matrimoni(i) N  marriage; matrimony
membrum, membri N  member, limb, organ; male genital member; apartment, room; section
metuo, metuere, metui, -  fear; be afraid; stand in fear of; be apprehensive, dread
metus, metus M  fear, anxiety; dread, awe; object of awe/dread
mille, millis N  thousand; thousands; miles
mirus, mira, mirum  wonderful, strange, remarkable, amazing, surprising, extraordinary
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtus  mix, mingle; embroil; confound; stir up
miser, misera -um, miserior -or -us, miserrimus -a -um  poor, miserable, wretched, unfortunate, unhappy, distressing
mitis, mite, mitior -or -us, mitissimus -a -um  mild, meek, gentle, placid, soothing; clement; ripe, sweet and juicy
mollis, molle, mollior -or -us, mollissimus -a -um  soft; flexible/supple/loose/pliant; mild/tolerable; easy; calm
moneo, monere, monui, monitus  remind, advise, warn; teach; admonish; foretell, presage
mora, morae F  delay, hindrance, obstacle; pause
morbus, morbi M  sickness, illness, weakness; disease; distemper; distress; vice
moror, morari, moratus sum  delay; stay, stay behind; devote attention to
mors, mortis F  death; corpse; annihilation
mos, moris M  custom, habit; mood, manner, fashion; character, behavior, morals
mundus, munda -um, mundior -or -us, mundissimus -a -um  clean, cleanly, nice, neat, elegant, delicate; refined, pure
munus, muneris N  service; duty, office, function; gift; tribute, offering; bribes
mus, muris  mouse
muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatus  move, change, shift, alter, exchange, substitute; modify
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus  tell, tell about, relate, narrate, recount, describe
navis, navis F  ship
neco, necare, necui, nectus  kill/murder; put to death; suppress, destroy; kill; quench/drown
nego, negare, negavi, negatus  deny, refuse; say... not
nemo, neminis  no one, nobody
nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitus  not know; be ignorant/unfamiliar/unaware/unacquainted/unable/unwilling
nimius, nimia, nimium  excessive, too great
noctua, noctuae F  little owl
novo, novare, novavi, novatus  make new, renovate; renew, refresh, change
nudus, nuda, nudum  nude; bare, stripped
numquam  never
nymphe, nymphes F  nymph; water; bride; young maiden
obsto, obstare, obstiti, -  oppose, hinder
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus  offer; present; cause; bestow
officium, offici(i) N  duty, obligation; kindness; service, office
olim  formerly; once, once upon a time; in the future
omen, ominis N  omen, sign; token
ordo, ordinis M  row, order/rank; succession; series; class; bank; order
orior, oriri, ortus sum  rise; arise/emerge, crop up; get up; begin; originate from
par, paris (gen.), -, parissimus -a -um  equal; a match for; of equal size/rank/age; fit/suitable/right/proper
parco, parcere, peperci, parsus  forbear, refrain from; spare; show consideration; be economical/thrifty with
pareo, parere, parui, paritus  obey, be subject/obedient to; submit/yield/comply; pay attention; attend to
pario, parere, peperi, partus  bear; give birth to; beget, bring forth; produce, lay; create; acquire
paro, parare, paravi, paratus  prepare; furnish/supply/provide; produce; obtain/get; buy; raise; put up; plan
pastor, pastoris M  shepherd, herdsman
patrius, patria, patrium  father's, paternal; ancestral
paucus, pauca -um, paucior -or -us, paucissimus -a -um  little, small in quantity/extent; few; just a few; small number of
pauper, pauperis (gen.), pauperior -or -us, pauperrimus -a -um  poor/meager/unproductive; scantily endowed; cheap, of little worth; of poor man
pax, pacis F  peace; harmony
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus  beat; drive out; push; banish, strike, defeat, drive away, rout
penis, penis M  male sexual organ, penis; a tail
penna, pennae F  feather, wing
perdo, perdere, perdidi, perditus  ruin, destroy; lose; waste
pereo, perire, perivi(ii), peritus  die, pass away; be ruined, be destroyed; go to waste
periculum, periculi N  danger, peril; trial, attempt; risk; responsibility for damage, liability
perpetuus, perpetua, perpetuum  continuous, uninterpreted; whole; perpetual, lasting; everlasting
pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus  come to; reach; arrive
placeo, placere, placui, placitus  please, satisfy, give pleasure to
plus, (gen.), pluris  more; several. many
poena, poenae F  penalty, punishment; revenge/retribution
pomum, pomi N  fruit, apple; fruit-tree
pondus, ponderis N  weight, burden, impediment
porrigo, porrigere, porrexi, porrectus  stretch out, extend
porto, portare, portavi, portatus  carry, bring
postea  afterwards
posterus, postera -um, posterior -or -us, postremus -a -um  coming after, following, next; COMP next in order, latter; SUPER last/hindmost
postquam  after
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitus  present/show/put forward; offer; expose physically oneself; expose/submit/allow
praemium, praemi(i) N  prize, reward; gift; recompense
praescio, praescire, praescivi, praescitus  foreknow; know in advance
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitus  excel, surpass, be outstanding/superior/best/greater/preferable; prevail
praeterea  besides, thereafter; in addition
precor, precari, precatus sum  beg/implore/entreat; wish/pray for/to; pray, supplicate, beseech
premo, premere, pressi, pressus  press, press hard, pursue; oppress; overwhelm
prex, precis F  prayer, request
primus, prima, primum  first, foremost/best, chief, principal; nearest/next
prior, prior, prius  ahead, in front, leading; previous, earlier, preceding, prior; former; basic
procul  away; at distance, far off
proelium, proeli(i) N  battle/fight/bout/conflict/dispute; armed/hostile encounter; bout of strength
prope, propius, proxime  near, nearly; close by; almost
provincia, provinciae F  province; office; duty; command
qualis, qualis, quale  what kind/sort/condition; what is like; what/how excellent a...
quasi  as if, just as if, as though; as it were; about
queror, queri, questus sum  complain; protest, grumble, gripe; make formal complaint in court of law
quia  because
quidam, quaedam, quoddam  a certain thing
quiesco, quiescere, quievi, quietus  rest, keep quiet/calm, be at peace/rest; be inactive/neutral; permit; sleep
quisdam, cuiusdam  certain; as INDEF a certain thing; somebody, one, something
quisquam, cuiusquam  any, anyone anything; any man, any person
quisvis, cuiusvis  any whatever and INDEF whoever it be, whom you please; any whatever
quondam  formerly, once, at one time; some day, hereafter
quot, undeclined  how many; of what number; as many
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus  drag off; snatch; destroy; seize, carry off; pillage; hurry
ratio, rationis F  account, reckoning, invoice; plan; prudence; method; reasoning; rule; regard
recedo, recedere, recessi, recessus  recede, go back, withdraw, ebb; retreat; retire; move/keep/pass/slip away
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus  keep back; recover; undertake; guarantee; accept, take in; take back
regno, regnare, regnavi, regnatus  reign, rule; be king; play the lord, be master
regnum, regni N  royal power; power; control; kingdom
rego, regere, rexi, rectus  rule, guide; manage, direct
reliquus, reliqua, reliquum  rest of/remaining/available/left; surviving; future/further; yet to be/owed
repeto, repetere, repetivi, repetitus  return to; get back; demand back/again; repeat; recall; claim
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus  answer
retineo, retinere, retinui, retentus  hold back, restrain; uphold; delay; hold fast; retain,preserve
reus, rea, reum  liable to; guilty
ripa, ripae F  bank
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus  ask, ask for; invite; introduce
rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus  break; destroy
rursus  turned back, backward; on the contrary/other hand, in return, in turn, again
rusticus, rustica, rusticum  country, rural; plain, homely, rustic
sanguis, sanguinis M  blood; family
sapiens, sapientis (gen.), sapientior -or -us, sapientissimus -a -um  rational; sane, of sound mind; wise, judicious, understanding; discreet
sapio, sapere, sapivi, -  taste of; understand; have sense
saxum, saxi N  stone
scelus, sceleris N  crime; calamity; wickedness, sin, evil deed
secum, seci N  suet; tallow; hard animal fat
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessus  sit, remain; settle; encamp
serpo, serpere, serpsi, serptus  crawl; move slowly on, glide; creep on
servio, servire, servivi, servitus  serve; be a slave to; with DAT
servo, servare, servavi, servatus  watch over; protect, store, keep, guard, preserve, save
sicut  as, just as; like; in same way; as if; as it certainly is; as it were
sidus, sideris N  star; constellation; tempest
silentium, silenti(i) N  silence
similis, simile, similior -or -us, simillimus -a -um  like, similar, resembling
simulacrum, simulacri N  likeness, image, statue
sino, sinere, sivi, situs  allow, permit
socius, socia, socium  sharing; associated; allied
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus  loosen, release, unbind, untie, free; open; set sail; scatter; pay off/back
soror, sororis F  sister
sors, sortis F  lot, fate; oracular response
spatium, spati(i) N  space; area/expanse, room; intervening space, gap/interval; length/width
statim  at once, immediately
studium, studi(i) N  eagerness, enthusiasm, zeal, spirit; devotion, pursuit, study
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus  take up; begin; suppose, assume; select; purchase; exact; obtain
superbus, superba, superbum  arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud
supero, superare, superavi, superatus  overcome, conquer; survive; outdo; surpass, be above, have the upper hand
superus, supera -um, superior -or -us, supremus -a -um  above, high; higher, upper, of this world; greatest, last, highest
supo, supare, supavi, supatus  throw; pour; strew, scatter
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactus  touch, strike; border on, influence; mention
taurus, tauri M  bull
telum, teli N  dart, spear; weapon, javelin; bullet
tempto, temptare, temptavi, temptatus  test, try; urge; worry; bribe
tendo, tendere, tetendi, tensus  stretch/spread/extend; distend; aim/direct weapon/glance/steps/course; strive
tener, tenera -um, tenerior -or -us, tenerrimus -a -um  tender; soft/delicate/gentle; young/immature; weak/fragile/frail
tergum, tergi N  back, rear; reverse/far side; outer covering/surface
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus  frighten, scare, terrify, deter
tertius, tertia, tertium  third
timor, timoris M  fear; dread
torus, tori M  swelling, protuberance; mussel, brawn; bed, couch, stuffed bolster, cushion
tot  so many, such a number of; as many, so many; such a great number of
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus  draw, drag, haul; derive, get
transeo, transire, transivi(ii), transitus  go over, cross
tres, tres, tria  three
tueor, tueri, tutus sum  see, look at; protect, watch; uphold
tunc  then, thereupon, at that time
ullus, ulla, ullum (gen -ius)  any
umbra, umbrae F  shade; ghost; shadow
umbrosus, umbrosa, umbrosum  shady, shadowy
umerus, umeri M  upper arm, shoulder
umquam  ever, at any time
unde  from where, whence, from what or which place; from which; from whom
usque  up to
vacuus, vacua, vacuum  empty, vacant, unoccupied; devoid of, free of
varius, varia, varium  different; various, diverse; changing; colored; party colored, variegated
vates, vatis M  prophet/seer, mouthpiece of deity; oracle, soothsayer; poet
vertex, verticis M  whirlpool, eddy, vortex; crown of the head; peak, top, summit; the pole
vester, vestra, vestrum  your, of/belonging to/associated with you
vestigium, vestigi(i) N  step, track; trace; footstep
vestis, vestis F  garment, clothing, blanket; clothes; robe
vetus, veteris (gen.), veterior -or -us, veterrimus -a -um  old, aged, ancient; former; veteran, experienced; long standing, chronic
villa, villae F  farm/country home/estate; large country residence/seat, villa; village
virtus, virtutis F  strength/power; courage/bravery; worth/manliness/virtue/character/excellence
vis, viris F  strength, force, power, might, violence; resources; large body
vivus, viva, vivum  alive, fresh; living
vix  hardly, scarcely, barely, only just; with difficulty, not easily; reluctantly
voluntas, voluntatis F  will, desire; purpose; good will; wish, favor, consent
voveo, vovere, vovi, votus  vow, dedicate, consecrate
vulnus, vulneris N  wound; mental/emotional hurt; injury to one's interests; wound of love
vultus, vultus M  face, expression; looks
Words occurring 6 to 10 times
Aeneas, Aeneae  Aeneas
Apollo, Apollinis M  Apollo
Asia, Asiae F  Asia; Asia Minor; the East
Bacchus, Bacchi M  Bacchus, god of wine/vine; the vine, wine
Belgae, Belgarum  the Belgae, tribe in Northern Gaul
Ceres, Cereris F  Ceres; wheat; bread; food
Cyclops, Cyclopos/is M  Cyclops; one of the Cyclopes
Diana, Dianae F  Diana; moon
Galatea, Galateae F  Galatia, region of Asia Minor
Helvetius, Helvetia, Helvetium  of/connected with the Helvetii, a people of Cen. Gaul
Herodes, Herodis M  Herod
Hispania, Hispaniae F  Spain; Spanish peninsula
Icarus, Icari  Icarus
Io  Yo!; Hurrah!; Ho!; Look!; Quick!
Juno, Junonis F  Juno
Leo, Leonis M  Leo; priests of Persian god Mithras
M'., abb.  Manius
Mars, Martis M  Mars, Roman god of war; warlike spirit, fighting, battle, army, force of arms
P., abb.  Publius
Perses, Persae M  Persian, native of Persia
Plinius, Plini M  Pliny
Pompeius, Pompei M  Pompeius; , triumvir)
Priamus, Priami  Priam, king of Troy
T., abb.  Titus, Roman praenomen
Teucer, Teucri M  Trojan; originally brother of Ajax
Troia, Troiae  Troy
Venus, Veneris F  Venus, Roman goddess of sexual love and generation; planet Venus; charm/grace
Zephyrus, Zephyri M  Zephyr, the west wind
accendo, accendere, accendi, accensus  kindle, set on fire, light; illuminate; inflame, stir up, arouse; make bright
accipiter, accipitris  hawk; flying gurnard
acer, acris -e, acrior -or -us, acerrimus -a -um  sharp, bitter, pointed, piercing, shrill; sagacious, keen; severe, vigorous
acies, aciei F  sharpness, sharp edge, point; battle line/array; sight, glance; pupil of eye
acumen, acuminis N  sharpened point, spur; sting; peak, promontory; sharpness/cunning/acumen; fraud
adduco, adducere, adduxi, adductus  lead up/to/away; bring up/to; persuade, induce; lead, bring; contract, tighten
admodum  very, exceedingly, greatly, quite; excessively; just so; certainly, completely
adspicio, adspicere, adspexi, adspectus  look/gaze on/at, see, observe, behold, regard; face; consider, contemplate
adulescens, adulescentis (gen.), adulescentior -or -us, adulescentissimus -a -um  young, youthful; "minor"
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus  build, erect, construct, make; create; establish; improve; edify
aequus, aequa -um, aequior -or -us, aequissimus -a -um  level, even, equal, like; just, kind, impartial, fair; patient, contented
aestas, aestatis F  summer; summer heat/weather; a year
aestimo, aestimare, aestimavi, aestimatus  value, assess; estimate; reckon; consider, judge; esteem
aestus, aestus M  agitation, passion, seething; raging, boiling; heat/fire; sea tide/spray/swell
aeternus, aeterna -um, aeternior -or -us, aeternissimus -a -um  eternal/everlasting/imperishable; perpetual, w/out start/end
aevum, aevi N  time, time of life, age, old age, generation; passage/lapse of time; all time
agmen, agminis N  stream; herd, flock, troop, crowd; marching army, column, line; procession
agnus, agni M  lamb
agrestis, agrestis, agreste  rustic, inhabiting countryside; rude, wild, savage; of/passing through fields
agricola, agricolae M  farmer, cultivator, gardener, agriculturist; plowman, countryman, peasant
alienus, aliena -um, alienior -or -us, alienissimus -a -um  foreign; unconnected; another's; contrary; unworthy; averse, hostile; mad
aliquid  to some degree/extent; somewhat
aliter  otherwise, differently; in any other way
ambio, ambire, ambivi, ambitus  go round, visit in rotation, inspect; solicit, canvass; circle, embrace
ambo, ambae, ambo  both; two of pair; two considered together, both parties; each of two
amnis, amnis M  river, stream; current; water; the river Ocean
amplector, amplecti, amplexus sum  surround, encircle, embrace, clasp; esteem; cherish; surround, include, grasp
amplus, ampla -um, amplior -or -us, amplissimus -a -um  great, large, spacious, wide, ample; distinguished, important, honorable
anguis, anguis  snake, serpent; dragon; Draco, Serpens, Hydra
aquilo, aquilonis M  north wind; NNE/NE wind; north; Boreas
arbitrium, arbitri(i) N  arbitration; choice, judgment, decision; sentence; will, mastery, authority
arca, arcae F  box, chest; strong-box, coffer; wealth, money; coffin, bier; cell, cage; ark
arcus, arcus M  bow, arc, coil, arch; rainbow; anything arched or curved
area, areae F  area
arethusa, arethusae  a Nereid nymph
artus, arta -um, artior -or -us, artissimus -a -um  close, firm, tight; thrifty; dense, narrow; strict; scarce, critical; brief
arx, arcis F  citadel, stronghold, city; height, hilltop; Capitoline hill; defense, refuge
asinus, asini M  ass, donkey; blockhead, fool, dolt
asper, aspera -um, asperior -or -us, asperrimus -a -um  rude/unrefined; cruel/violent/savage/raging/drastic; stern/severe/bitter; hard
ater, atra -um, atrior -or -us, aterrimus -a -um  black, dark; dark-colored; gloomy/murky; unlucky; sordid/squalid
auctor, auctoris  seller, vendor; originator; historian; authority; proposer, supporter; founder
augeo, augere, auxi, auctus  increase, enlarge, augment; spread; honor, promote, raise; exalt; make a lot of
auro, aurare, auravi, auratus  gild, overlay with gold
autumnus, autumna, autumnum  of autumn, autumnal
baculum, baculi N  stick, walking stick, staff; lictor's rod/staff; scepter; crozier
beatus, beata -um, beatior -or -us, beatissimus -a -um  happy, fortunate, bringing happiness; rich, wealthy, copious, sumptuous
blanditia, blanditiae F  flattery, caress, compliment; charm, flatteries, enticement, courtship
bombus, bombi M  buzzing; booming, deep sound, rumble
bos, bovis  ox; bull; cow; ox-ray; cattle
cadaver, cadaveris N  corpse, cadaver, dead body; ruined city
caecilia, caeciliae F  blind-worm; kind of lizard/lettuce
caedo, caedere, cecidi, caesus  chop, hew, cut out/down/to pieces; strike, smite, murder; slaughter; sodomize
caelestis, caeleste, caelestior -or -us, caelestissimus -a -um  heavenly, of heavens/sky, from heaven/sky; celestial; divine; of the Gods
caeruleus, caerulea, caeruleum  blue, cerulean, dark; greenish-blue, azure; of river/sea deities; of sky/sea
calidus, calida -um, calidior -or -us, calidissimus -a -um  warm, hot; fiery, lusty; eager, rash, on the spot; having a warm climate/place
candidus, candida -um, candidior -or -us, candidissimus -a -um  bright, clear, transparent; clean/spotless; lucid; candid; kind; innocent, pure
canis, canis  dog; hound; subordinate; "jackal"; dog-star/fish; lowest dice throw; clamp
capax, capacis (gen.), capacior -or -us, capacissimus -a -um  large, spacious, roomy, big; capable, fit, competent; has right to inherit
capitolium, capitolii N  religious/cathedral chapter, chapter meeting/house; right of cofraternity
careo, carere, carui, caritus  be without/absent from/devoid of/free from; miss; abstain from, lack, lose
carinus, carina, carinum  nut-brown
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptus  seize/pick/pluck/gather/browse/tear off; graze/crop; tease/pull out/card
cavo, cavare, cavavi, cavatus  hollow out, make concave/hollow; excavate; cut/pierce through; carve in relief
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus  go/pass; withdraw/retire/leave; step aside/make way; take place of
celer, celeris -e, celerior -or -us, celerrimus -a -um  swift, quick, agile, rapid, speedy, fast; rash, hasty, hurried; lively; early
celeriter, celerius, celerrime  quickly/rapidly/speedily; hastily; soon/at once/early moment; in short period
cera, cerae F  wax, beeswax; honeycomb; wax-covered writing tablet, letter; wax image/seal
cervix, cervicis F  neck, nape; severed neck/head; cervix, neck
cibus, cibi M  food; fare, rations; nutriment, sustenance, fuel; eating, a meal; bait
cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus  surround/encircle/ring; enclose; beleaguer; accompany; gird, equip; ring
cio, cire, civi(ii), citus  move, set in motion; excite/rouse/stir up; urge on; summon/muster/call up
circum  around, about, among, near, in neighborhood of; in circle around
clamor, clamoris M  shout, outcry/protest; loud shouting, applause; clamor/noise/din
classis, classis F  class/division of Romans; grade; levy/draft; fleet/navy; group/band
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus  collect/gather, round up, restrict/confine; force/compel; convene; congeal
colligo, colligere, collegi, collectus  collect, assemble, bring/gather/hold/keep together; combine; harvest; pick up
columba, columbae F  pigeon; dove
coma, comae F  hair, hair of head, mane of animal; wool, fleece; foliage, leaves; rays
comes, comitis  comrade, companion, associate, partner; soldier/devotee/follower of another
communis, communis, commune  common/joint/public; general/universal
como, comere, comsi, comtus  arrange/do; adorn, make beautiful; embellish; arrange in order, set out
compono, componere, composui, compositus  compare; place/put/add/collect together, collate; match; store/hoard; calm
concedo, concedere, concessi, concessus  relinquish/give up/concede; depart; pardon; submit, allow/grant/permit/condone
concilio, conciliare, conciliavi, conciliatus  unite, bring together/about; cause; win over, attract; acquire, procure, buy
concipio, concipere, concepi, conceptus  take in/up, receive, catch; derive/draw; contain/hold; grasp; adopt; wed
confirmo, confirmare, confirmavi, confirmatus  strengthen, develop, build up; make secure/firm; reassure; secure
conor, conari, conatus sum  attempt/try/endeavor, make an effort; exert oneself; try to go/rise/speak
conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatus  keep safe/intact, save; preserve, maintain; spare; keep/observe
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus  observe/see/witness; notice; watch; gaze/stare on; catch/be in sight of; face
consto, constare, constiti, constatus  agree/correspond/fit, be correct; be dependent/based upon; exist/continue/last
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus  burn up, destroy/kill; put end to; reduce/wear away; annul; extinguish
contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptus  think little of; look down on, take poor view of; pay no heed/disregard/slight
contingo, contingere, contigi, contactus  touch; reach; border on, be connected with; affect, hit; take hold, seize
corona, coronae F  crown; garland, wreath; halo/ring; circle of men/troops
cras  tomorrow; after today, on the morrow; hereafter, in the future
creo, creare, creavi, creatus  create/bring into being/make; procreate; beget/sire; give birth to
crinis, crinis M  hair; lock of hair, tress, plait; plume; tail of a comet
cruor, cruoris M  blood; vegetable/other juice
crus, cruris N  leg; shank; shin; main stem of shrub, stock; upright support of a bridge
cryptoporticus, cryptoporticus F  cloister, covered gallery/passage; vault, hall
culpa, culpae F  fault/blame/responsibility; crime; negligence
cursus, cursus M  running; speed/zeal; charge, onrush; forward movement/march; revolution
damno, damnare, damnavi, damnatus  pass/pronounce judgment, find guilty; deliver/condemn/sentence; harm/damn/doom
daps, dapis F  sacrificial feast/meal; feast, banquet; food composing it; food/meal of animals
decem  ten
decet, decere, decuit, -  it is fitting/right/seemly/suitable/proper; it ought; become/adorn/grace
decus, decoris N  glory/splendor; honor/distinction; deeds; dignity/virtue; decorum; grace/beauty
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus  carry/bring/sink/fall down/off; convey/deliver/transfer; reduce/slope
delphis, delphinos/is M  dolphin; ornament shaped like a dolphin; constellation
demo, demere, dempsi, demptus  take/cut away/off, remove, withdraw; subtract; take away from
denique  finally, in the end; and then; at worst; in short, to sum up; in fact, indeed
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus  descend, climb/march/come/go/flow/run/hang down; dismount; penetrate/sink
desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratus  desire/want, long/wish for, request, require/need; miss, lack; lose
desum, deesse, defui, defuturus  be wanting/lacking; fail/miss; abandon/desert, neglect; be away/absent/missing
diaeta, diaetae F  room; cabin; compartment; out building, annex; out house
difficilis, difficile, difficilior -or -us, difficillimus -a -um  difficult, troublesome; hard; hard to please/manage/deal with/carry out
digitus, digiti M  finger; toe; finger's breadth, inch; twig
dirus, dira -um, dirior -or -us, dirissimus -a -um  awful/dire/dreadful; ominous/frightful/terrible/horrible; skillful
dis, ditis (gen.), ditior -or -us, ditissimus -a -um  rich/wealthy; richly adorned; fertile/productive; profitable; sumptuous
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessus  go/march off, depart, withdraw; scatter, dissipate; abandon; lay down
diverto, divertere, diverti, diversus  separate; divert, turn away/in; digress; oppose; divorce/leave marriage
dives, divitis (gen.), divitior -or -us, divitissimus -a -um  rich/wealthy; costly; fertile/productive; talented, well endowed
doleo, dolere, dolui, dolitus  hurt; feel/suffer pain; grieve; be afflicted/pained/sorry; cause pain/grief
donec  while, as long as, until
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus  doubt; deliberate; hesitate; be uncertain/irresolute
duco, ducere, additional, forms  lead, command; think, consider, regard; prolong
dux, ducis M  leader, guide; commander, general; Duke
eadem  by the same route; at the same time; likewise; same
edo, edere, edidi, editus  eject/emit; put/give forth; beget; bear; display/evince/exhibit
effero, efferre, extuli, elatus  carry out; bring out; carry out for burial; raise
effundo, effundere, effudi, effusus  pour out/away/off; allow to drain; shower; volley; send/stream forth
eligo, eligere, elegi, electus  pick out, choose
en  behold! see! lo! here! hey! look at this!
eno, enare, enavi, enatus  swim out
eodem  to the same place/purpose
eques, equitis M  horseman/cavalryman/rider; horsemen, cavalry; equestrian order
equidem  truly, indeed; for my part
error, erroris M  wandering; error; winding, maze; uncertainty; deception
excito, excitare, excitavi, excitatus  wake up, stir up; cause; raise, erect; incite; excite, arouse
exigo, exigere, exegi, exactus  drive out, expel; finish; examine, weigh
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsus  drive out, expel, banish; disown, reject
expono, exponere, exposui, expositus  set/put forth/out; abandon, expose; publish; explain, relate; disembark
exprimo, exprimere, expressi, expressus  squeeze, squeeze/press out; imitate, copy; portray; pronounce, express
facultas, facultatis F  means; ability, skill; opportunity, chance; resources, supplies
falx, falcis F  sickle. scythe; pruning knife; curved blade; hook for tearing down walls
fas, undeclined N  divine/heaven's law/will/command; that which is right/lawful/moral/allowed
fateor, fateri, fassus sum  admit, confess; disclose; acknowledge; praise
fatum, fati N  utterance, oracle; fate, destiny; natural term of life; doom, death, calamity
fessus, fessa, fessum  tired, wearied, fatigued, exhausted; worn out, weak, feeble, infirm, sick
festus, festa, festum  festive, joyous; holiday; feast day; merry; solemn
figura, figurae F  shape, form, figure, image; beauty; style; figure of speech
flavus, flava, flavum  yellow, golden, gold colored; flaxen, blond; golden-haired
flos, floris M  flower, blossom; youthful prime
fluctus, fluctus M  wave; disorder; flood, flow, tide, billow, surge; turbulence, commotion
foris, foris F  door, gate; a folding door; double door; entrance
foveo, fovere, fovi, fotus  keep warm; favor, cherish, maintain, foster
fremo, fremere, fremui, fremitus  roar; growl; rage; murmur, clamor for
fretus, freta, fretum  relying on, trusting to, supported by
frigus, frigoris N  cold; cold weather, winter; frost
frons, frontis  forehead, brow; face; look; front; fore part of anything
frons, frondis F  foliage, leaves, leafy branch, green bough, frond
fruor, frui, fructus sum  enjoy, profit by, delight in
frustro, frustrare, frustravi, frustratus  disappoint, frustrate, deceive; escape/elude; baffle/evade; fail
funus, funeris N  burial, funeral; funeral rites; ruin; corpse; death
furor, furoris M  madness, rage, fury, frenzy; passionate love
gemma, gemmae F  bud; jewel, gem, precious stone; amber; cup; seal, signet; game piec
geno, genere, -, -  give birth to, bring forth, bear; beget; be born
gramen, graminis N  grass, turf; herb; plant
grex, gregis  flock, herd; crowd; company, crew; people/animals assembled; set/faction/class
harena, harenae F  sand, grains of sand; sandy land or desert; seashore; arena, place of contest
harundo, harundinis F  reed, cane, fishing rod, limed twigs for catching birds; arrow shaft; pipe
hasta, hastae F  spear/lance/javelin; spear stuck in ground for public auction/centumviral court
haud  not, not at all, by no means; not
haurio, haurire, hausi, haustus  draw up/out; drink, swallow, drain, exhaust
hibernus, hiberna, hibernum  wintry; stormy, of/for winter time/rainy season
horreo, horrere, horrui, -  dread, shrink from, shudder at; stand on end, bristle; have rough appearance
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum  encourage; cheer; incite; urge; exhort
ignarus, ignara, ignarum  ignorant; unaware, having no experience of; senseless; strange
ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus  not know; be unfamiliar with; disregard; ignore; be ignorant of
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotus  pardon, forgive
illuc  there, thither, to that place/point
immensus, immensa, immensum  immeasurable, immense/vast/boundless/unending; infinitely great; innumerable
immo  no indeed; on the contrary, more correctly; indeed, nay more
imperator, imperatoris M  emperor; general; ruler; commander
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus  order, command, levy; rule
impleo, implere, implevi, impletus  fill up; satisfy, fulfill; fill, finish, complete; spend
imus, ima, imum  inmost, deepest, bottommost, last
in  in, on, at; in accordance with/regard to/the case of; within
incertus, incerta, incertum  uncertain; unsure, inconstant, variable; doubtful
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus  begin; start, undertake
includo, includere, inclusi, inclusus  shut up/in, imprison, enclose; include
infelix, infelicis (gen.), infelicior -or -us, infelicissimus -a -um  unfortunate, unhappy, wretched; unlucky, inauspicious; unproductive
infero, inferre, intuli, illatus  bring/carry in, import; advance, bring/march/step/move foward; impel, urge
ingratus, ingrata, ingratum  unpleasant; ungrateful; thankless
inscriptio, inscriptionis F  inscription
insidia, insidiae F  ambush/ambuscade; plot; treachery, treacherous attack/device; trap/snare
insignis, insignis, insigne  conspicuous, manifest, eminent, notable, famous, distinguished, outstanding
instituo, instituere, institui, institutus  set up, establish, found, make, institute; build; prepare; decide
insto, instare, institi, -  pursue, threaten; approach, press hard; be close to; stand in/on
insum, inesse, infui, infuturus  be in/on/there; belong to; be involved in
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus  understand; realize
invideo, invidere, invidi, invisus  envy, regard with envy/ill will; be jealous of; begrudge, refuse
ira, irae F  anger; ire, wrath; resentment; indignation; rage/fury/violence; bad blood
jucundus, jucunda -um, jucundior -or -us, jucundissimus -a -um  pleasant/agreeable/delightful/pleasing; congenial
jugum, jugi N  yoke; team, pair; ridge, summit, chain
juvencus, juvenci M  young bull; young man
laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus  strike; hurt, injure, wound; offend, annoy
laevus, laeva, laevum  left, on the left hand; from the left; unpropitious, unfavorable, harmful
latus, lateris N  side; flank
latus, lata -um, latior -or -us, latissimus -a -um  wide, broad; spacious, extensive
lavo, lavare, lavi, lotus  wash, bathe; soak
leo, leonis M  lion
lepus, leporis M  hare
letum, leti N  death; Death; manner of dying; P:destruction
levo, levare, levavi, levatus  lift/raise/hold up; support; erect, set up; lift off, remove; comfort
lex, legis F  law; motion, bill, statute; principle; condition
licet, licere, licuit, licitus est  it is permitted, one may; it is all right, lawful, allowed, permitted
locum, loci N  seat, rank, position; soldier's post; quarters; category; book passage, topic
lucus, luci M  grove; sacred grove
luo, luere, lui, lutus  pay; pay fine, compensate/atone
lupus, lupi M  wolf; grappling iron
magistratus, magistratus M  magistracy, civil office; office; magistrate, functionary
maritus, marita, maritum  nuptial; of marriage; married, wedded, united
marmor, marmoris N  marble, block of marble, marble monument/statue; surface of the sea
memoria, memoriae F  memory, recollection; history; time within memory
mereor, mereri, meritus sum  earn; deserve/merit/have right; win/gain/incur; earn soldier/whore pay, serve
mergo, mergere, mersi, mersus  dip, plunge, immerse; sink, drown, bury; overwhelm
mico, micare, micui, -  vibrate, quiver, twinkle; tremble, throb; beat; dart, flash, glitter
mille, milis N  thousand; thousands; miles
mirabilis, mirabilis, mirabile  wonderful, marvelous, astonishing, extraordinary; remarkable; admirable
miro, mirare, miravi, miratus  be amazed/surprised/bewildered; look in wonder/awe/admiration at
misero, miserare, miseravi, miseratus  pity, feel sorry for; view with compassion
modo  only, merely; just now/recently, lately; presently
moenia, moenium  defensive/town walls, bulwarks; fortifications; fortified town; castle
monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus  show; point out, reveal; advise, teach
monstrum, monstri N  monster; portent, unnatural thing/event regarded as omen/sign/portent
monumentum, monumenti N  reminder; memorial, monument, tomb; record, literary work, history, book
mortalis, mortalis, mortale  mortal, transient; human, of human origin
mulier, mulieris F  woman; wife; mistress
munio, munire, munivi, munitus  fortify; strengthen; protect, defend, safeguard; build
murmur, murmuris  murmur/mutter; whisper/rustle, hum/buzz; low noise; roar/growl/grunt/rumble
musa, musae F  muse; sciences/poetry
natura, naturae F  nature; birth; character
nemus, nemoris N  wood, forest
niger, nigra, nigrum  black, dark; unlucky
nil, undeclined N  nothing; no; trifle/thing not worth mentioning; nonentity; nonsense; no concern
niveus, nivea, niveum  snowy, covered with snow; white
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitus  harm, hurt; injure
nolo, nolle, nolui, -  be unwilling; wish not to; refuse to
noto, notare, notavi, notatus  observe; record; brand; write, inscribe
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptus  marry, be married to
numerus, numeri M  number/sum/total/rank; numerical strength/plurality; category; tally
nympha, nymphae F  nymph; water; bride; young maiden
ob  on account of, for the sake of, for; instead of; right before
occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatus  seize; gain; overtake; capture, occupy; attack
odium, odi(i) N  hate/hatred/dislike/antipathy; odium, unpopularity; boredom/impatience
oliva, olivae F  olive; olive tree
onus, oneris N  load, burden; cargo
opto, optare, optavi, optatus  choose, select; wish, wish for, desire
origo, originis F  origin, source; birth, family; race; ancestry
osculum, osculi N  kiss; mouth; lips; orifice; mouthpiece
ostendeo, ostendere, ostendi, -  show; reveal; make clear, point out, display, exhibit
ovis, ovis F  sheep
paene  nearly, almost; mostly
panis, panis M  bread; loaf
parasitus, parasiti M  guest; parasite
paries, parietis M  wall, house wall
parito, paritare, paritavi, paritatus  make ready
pasco, pascere, pavi, pastus  feed, feed on; graze
passim  here and there; everywhere
pateo, patere, patui, -  stand open, be open; extend; be well known; lie open, be accessible
patria, patriae F  native land; home, native city; one's country
paulus, paula, paulum  little; small; small amount/quantity of/little bit of
pavidus, pavida, pavidum  fearful, terrified, panicstruck
pecus, pecoris N  cattle, herd, flock
pelagus, pelagi N  sea; the open sea, the main
pendo, pendere, pependi, pensus  weigh out; pay, pay out
perago, peragere, peregi, peractus  disturb; finish; kill; carry through to the end, complete
perennis, perennis, perenne  continual; everlasting, perpetual, perennial; eternal
pertinax, (gen.), pertinacis  persevering, obstinate; pertinacious
pharetra, pharetrae F  quiver
philosophus, philosopha, philosophum  philosophical
pingo, pingere, pinxi, pictus  paint, tint, color; adorn/decorate w/colored designs; paint/draw/depict/portray
pinus, pinus F  pine/fir tree/wood/foliage; ship/mast/oar; pinewood torch
placidus, placida, placidum  gentle, calm, mild, peaceful, placid
plebs, plebis F  common people, general citizens, commons/plebeians; lower class/ranks; mob/mass
plenus, plena -um, plenior -or -us, plenissimus -a -um  full, plump; satisfied
plus, pluris N  more, too much, more than enough; more than; higher price/value
poeta, poetae M  poet
porticus, porticus  colonnade, covered walk; portico; covered gallery atop amphitheater/siege works
posco, poscere, poposci, -  ask, demand
potens, potentis (gen.), potentior -or -us, potentissimus -a -um  powerful, strong; capable; mighty
praecipuus, praecipua, praecipuum  particular, especial
praeda, praedae F  booty, loot, spoils, plunder, prey
praesens, (gen.), praesentis  present; at hand; existing; prompt, in person; propitious
praeter  besides, except, contrary to; beyond, in front of, before; more than
princeps, (gen.), principis  first, foremost, leading, chief, front; earliest, original; most necessary
probo, probare, probavi, probatus  approve, esteem/commend/recommend/certify; give assent/approval/sanction
proficio, proficere, profeci, profectus  make, accomplish, effect
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitus  hinder, restrain; forbid, prevent
proles, prolis F  offspring, descendant; that springs by birth/descent; generation; race, breed
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus  promise
propero, properare, properavi, properatus  hurry, speed up; be quick
propior, propior, propius  nearer, closer; more recent
proprius, propria, proprium  own, very own; individual; special, particular, characteristic
propter  near; on account of; by means of; because of
protinus  straight on, forward; immediately; without pause; at once
proverbium, proverbi(i) N  proverb, saying
prudens, prudentis (gen.), prudentior -or -us, prudentissimus -a -um  aware, skilled; sensible, prudent; farseeing; experienced
pudor, pudoris M  decency, shame; sense of honor; modesty; bashfulness
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatus  fight; dispute
punio, punire, punivi, punitus  punish, inflict punishment; avenge, extract retribution
puppis, puppis F  stern/aft; poop; ship; back
qua  where; by which route
quando  when, at what time; at any time
que  and
quies, quietis F  quiet, calm, rest, peace; sleep
quin  so that not, without; that not; but that; that
quod  because, as far as, insofar as
quoniam  because, since, seeing that
quotiens  how often; as often as
ramus, rami M  branch, bough
ratis, ratis F  raft; ship, boat
recens, (gen.), recentis  fresh, recent; rested
reduco, reducere, reduxi, reductus  lead back, bring back; restore; reduce
regalis, regalis, regale  royal, regal
regius, regia, regium  royal, of a king, regal
removeo, removere, removi, remotus  move back; put away; withdraw; remove
reor, reri, ratus sum  think, regard; deem; suppose, believe, reckon
repente  suddenly, unexpectedly
reperio, reperire, repperi, repertus  discover, learn; light on; find/obtain/get; find out/to be, get to know; invent
respicio, respicere, respexi, respectus  look back at; gaze at; consider; respect; care for, provide for
resto, restare, restiti, -  stand firm; stay behind; be left, be left over; remain
revertor, reverti, reversus sum  turn back, go back, return; recur
ruber, rubra, rubrum  red, ruddy, painted red
rupes, rupis F  cliff; rock
rus, ruris N  country, farm
saccus, sacci M  sack, bag; wallet
salio, salire, salui, saltus  leap, jump; move suddenly/spasmodically, twitch
salto, saltare, saltavi, saltatus  dance, jump; portray or represent in a dance
satis  enough, adequately; sufficiently; well enough, quite; fairly, pretty
scilicet  one may know, certainly; of course
secor, seci, secutus sum  follow; escort/attend/accompany; aim at/reach after/strive for/make for/seek
securus, secura, securum  secure, safe, untroubled, free from care
sedes, sedis F  seat; home, residence; settlement, habitation; chair
semel  once, on one occasion
senatus, senatus M  senate
seu  or if; or
sicco, siccare, siccavi, siccatus  dry, drain; exhaust
simulo, simulare, simulavi, simulatus  imitate, copy; pretend; look like; simulate; counterfeit; feint
singulus, singula, singulum  apiece; every; one each/at a time; individual/separate/single; several
sinus, sini M  bowl for serving wine, etc
sisto, sistere, stiti, status  stop, check; cause to stand; set up
sono, sonere, sonui, sonitus  make a noise/sound; speak/utter, emit sound; be spoken of; express/denote
sonus, soni M  noise, sound
spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsus  scatter, strew, sprinkle; spot
species, speciei F  sight, appearance, show; splendor, beauty; kind, type
sperno, spernere, sprevi, spretus  scorn, despise, spurn
spes, spei F  hope/anticipation/expectation; prospect/hope/promise
stella, stellae F  star; planet, heavenly body; point of light in jewel; constellation; star shape
sterno, sternere, stravi, stratus  spread, strew, scatter; lay out
studiosus, studiosa -um, studiosior -or -us, studiosissimus -a -um  eager, keen, full of zeal; studious; devoted to, fond of
suadeo, suadere, suasi, suasus  urge, recommend; suggest; induce; propose, persuade, advise
sufficio, sufficere, suffeci, suffectus  be sufficient, suffice; stand up to; be capable/qualified; provide, appoint
supplicium, supplici(i) N  punishment, suffering; supplication; torture
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectus  rise, lift; grow
sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentus  support; check; put off; put up with; sustain; hold back
taberna, tabernae F  tavern, inn; wood hut/cottage, shed/hovel; stall/booth; small shop
tenebra, tenebrae F  darkness, obscurity; night; dark corner; ignorance; concealment; gloom
tenuis, tenue, tenuior -or -us, tenuissimus -a -um  thin, fine; delicate; slight, slender; little, unimportant; weak, feeble
tinguo, tinguere, tinxi, tinctus  wet/moisten/dip/soak; color/dye/tinge/tint, stain; imbue; impregnate
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus  hand over, surrender; deliver; bequeath; relate
tremo, tremere, tremui, -  tremble, shake, shudder at
trepido, trepidare, trepidavi, trepidatus  tremble, be afraid, waver
tristis, tristis, triste  sad, sorrowful; gloomy
triumphus, triumphi M  triumph, victory parade
ubi  where; in what place; when, whenever; as soon as; in which; with whom
ultimus, ultima, ultimum  farthest, latest, greatest, highest
unguis, unguis M  nail, claw, talon
uro, urere, ussi, ustus  burn
uva, uvae F  grape
uxor, uxoris F  wife
vallis, vallis F  valley, vale, hollow
valva, valvae F  double or folding door, one leaf of the doors
vanus, vana, vanum  empty, vain; false, untrustworthy
velo, velare, velavi, velatus  veil, cover, cover up; enfold, wrap, envelop; hide, conceal; clothe in
velum, veli N  sail, covering; curtain
velut  just as, as if
venter, ventris M  stomach, womb; belly
vestibulum, vestibuli N  entrance, court
veto, vetare, vetui, vetitus  forbid, prohibit; reject, veto; be an obstacle to; prevent
victor, (gen.), victoris  triumphant
vinculum, vinculi N  chain, bond, fetter; imprisonment
vinum, vini N  wine
virgineus, virginea, virgineum  virgin; of/appropriate for/haunted by marriageable age girls; unworked
viso, visere, visi, visus  visit, go to see; look at
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatus  avoid, shun; evade
volo, volare, volavi, volatus  fly
volucer, volucris, volucre  winged; able to fly; flying; in rapid motion, fleet/swift; transient, fleeting
votum, voti N  vow, pledge, religious undertaking/promise; prayer/wish; votive offering; vote
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